The basic requirements for citizenship are similar to those for permanent residency, with the addition of a citizenship test:
- You must make a declaration of loyalty and allegiance to Denmark
- You must hold a valid permanent residence permit (limited exceptions apply)
- You must have lived in Denmark for 9 consecutive years; this may be reduced if you meet certain conditions (eg. though marriage or education)
- You must not have committed a crime or been imprisoned for a serious offense for a certain period of time;
- You must not be in debt to the public
- You must prove that you can support yourself and have not claimed state benefits for 4.5 years out of the previous 5 in Denmark;
- You must prove your language skills by passing Danish Test 3 (‘Prøve i Dansk 3’) or the equivalent (or have been self-sufficient for 8.5 of the last 9 years)
- You must pass the Danish citizenship test with a score of at least 80%
There are some exceptions to these requirements, and you should consider carefully whether you fulfill the criteria before applying.
How to apply
You will need to include the following documentation with your application:
- Copy of your passport
- Copy of your permanent residence permit
- Original or certified copy (signed and stamped by issuing party) of your Danish language exam results
- Original or certified copy (signed and stamped by issuing party) of your Citizenship exam results
- Completed form on self-sufficiency, found and completed at your local Citizens’ Servic.
- Documentation on parental responsibility, if you wish to include your children in your application
Once you have completed the application, you will need to submit it to the police station where you live. You will have to pay a fee of 1000kr when you apply.
The current processing time from when the Ministry of Justice receives your application until you are approved to be included on the Naturalisation Bill is around 14 – 16 months. The Ministry of Justice is working to reduce this waiting time to 7 months. Nevertheless, expect the application process to take a long time.
Be aware that if you are beginning your application now and the law changes, you will be required to meet the latest requirements.
The application process for Danish citizenship is described in the above section.
If you have been given Danish citizenship through an Act of Naturalization since December 2012 on the condition that you renounce your previous citizenship, you can apply to have this condition removed. This is done by making a declaration to the State Administration (Statsforvaltningen). The declaration must be made between 01 September 2015 and 31 August 2017.
When you submit the declaration you must pay a fee of 1100 kr. The declaration is not yet available online but will be made available soon.
Further information on dual (multiple) citizenship is available on the Ministry of Justice website below.